PUCL Bulletin, May 1981

NSO/NSA detentions in India in 1980
(Information as of 10 April,1981)

State Arrest Orders Arrested Absconding Released Detained
Cases before advisory board
Other orders of release
           

Referred/
Reviewed

Detention
confirmed
Release
ordered
State Govt.
High Court Supreme Court
AP
-
8
-
1
7
2
u/c
u/c
1
-
-
Assam (1)
25
n/a
n/a
7
7
u/c
u/c
-
n/a
n/a
Bihar
36
33
3
26
7
5
1, 4 u/c
u/c
22
3
-
Gujarat
114
-
61
53
-
-
2
23
36
-
Haryana
0
0
-
-
0
-
-
-
-
-
-
HP
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
J&K (2)
0
0
-
-
0
-
-
-
-
-
-
Kanataka
19
18
1
15
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
Kerala (3)
0
0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
MP
-
149
3
83
63
-
-
41
31
11
-
Maharashtra
-
71
-
11 (6)
n/a
-
-
11
-
-
-
Manipur (4)
18
18
-
-
18
18
1, 17 u/c
-
-
-
-
Orissa
-
8
-
8
0
-
-
-
-
-
-
Rajasthan
12
11
-
0
11
11
10, 1 u/c
-
-
-
-
Tamil Nadu
1
1
-
1
0
-
-
-
1
-
-
UP
254
239
15
167
71
-
-
51
107
4
5
West. Bengal (5)
0
0
-
-
0
-
-
-
8 (7)
-
-
Delhi
68
61
-
35
31
49
22
27
-
Total
416
732
22
409
271
92
56
132
61
54
5

Notes:
(1)
As on 6.12. 1980, as per statement of Zail Singh, Union Home Minister, dated February 12/18, 1981 given to Jyotirmoy Basu, MP.

(2) NSO/NSA applies to all parts of India except Jammu & Kashmir.

(3) The Kerala Left and Democratic Front Government was vehemently opposed to the imposition of NSO/NSA and had announced that it will not resort to the measure.

(4) Zail Singli's statement of February 12/18, 1981.

(5) The West Bengal Left Front Government opposed the imposition of NSO/NSA and has not used this measure for arresting any one.

(6) Released bu advisory board

(7) Released by Lt. Governor

(n/a: Not available; u/c: Under consideration)

Prominent Persons Arrested

Andhra Pradesh

  1. G. Ramamoorthy, Chairman of Jt. Council of Action of State Govt. NGO's arrested in December 1980 during NGO strike and released on orders from State Govt. only after the strike was called off.

  2. K. Guruva Reddy (CPI-M) and Veera Reddy (CPI) arrested in February 1981 -their cases of appeal are before the Advisory Board.

  3. Pujerla Sambaiah, peasant leader, arrested on March 5, 1981 for "actively organising peasants and agricultural labour to revolt against landowners." Also accused in dacoity cases.

  4. Bixmaiah, Secretary of F.C.I. Employees Union and Pandu, Madhav Reddy and Lakshman (all I.F.T.U.) arrested in last week of March 1981 in connection with strike at Singareni Mines.

Bihar

  • AK. Roy, MP and KS. Chatterjee, MLA and trade union leaders of Marxist Coordination Committee from Dhanbad were arrested and later released.

  • On December 9, 1980, SN. Singh of the CPL (ML) and 14 trade unionists belonging to the IFTU were arrested.

  • Biren Ohosh and Nimai Mal, belonging to the Krishak Mukti Sarniti were arrested in Santhal Pargana in connection with the peasant movement but later released.
  • Gujarat
    Of the 114 so far arrested, 92 were held after the Anti-Reservation agitation started. Those arrested include:

    1. Harin Pathak and Surendra Vyas (both NP), Municipal Councillors of Abmedabad.

    2. Ramesh Parmar, President of Gujarat Dalit Panthers.

    3. Jethalal Jadhav and Jayanthi Subodh, two Dalit leaders.

    Himachal Pradesh
    Madhukar, President of H.P. non-Gazetted Employees Federation arrested in November 1980 during employees' agitation. Released after strike called off.

    Madhya Pradesh
    Among those arrested and since released by order of the Advisory Board were 3 prominent trade unionists:
    Shankar Guha Niyogi and Sahdev Sahu of the Chattisgarh Mines Shramik Sangh, and T.P. Akela of the I.F.T.U.

    Orissa
    Those arrested include 7 students arrested in December 1980 during the agitation against corruption, black marketing and hording. These include Bishnu Das and Chittaranjan Mohanty who are members of the Lok Dal.

    Tamil Nadu
    C. Narayanswami Naidu, President of T.N. Agriculturists Association was arrested on December 22, 1980 and released by the State Government on January 2, 1981.

    Uttar Pradesh
    One of the arrested died in jail. The arrested include Than Singh, C.T.T.U. leader of Ghaziabad, who has been released on parole.

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